The Mercury Seven

The Mercury Seven was the first American space travel method.  13 women applied to be mercury astronauts but they never flew in space.  The spacecraft looked like the picture below.

Here are some links to the biographies of the Mercury Astronauts.

Alan Barlett Shepard Jr.

Virgil I. "Gus" Grissom

John Glen

Scott Carpenter

Walter "Wally" Marty Schirra, Jr

Leroy Gordon "Gordo" Cooper, Jr.

Donald K. "Deke" Slayton